Skip to main content

Table 1 Mean and variance (S 2) of the summary measures of the life-table age-at-death distributions (e 10, e C , e A ) and mean, variance and covariance of its components (dispersion SD, and skewness A’) across 35 developed countries, by sex. Selected years between 1970 and 2010, and absolute change in the statistics in two sub-periods: 1970–2005 and 2005–2010

From: The concept of the Equivalent Length of Life for quantifying differences in age-at-death distributions across countries

Statistic 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005 2010a 1970–2005 2005–2010
Women
 Mean(e 10) 65.7 67.0 68.3 69.7 70.6 71.6 4.9 1.0
 Mean(e C ) 52.4 53.8 55.2 56.8 57.8 59.0 5.4 1.2
 Mean(e A ) 48.9 50.3 51.6 53.1 54.2 55.3 5.3 1.1
 Mean(SD) 13.3 13.2 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.6 −0.7 −0.1
 Mean(A) −0.27 −0.27 −0.27 −0.28 −0.29 −0.29 −0.02 0.00
S 2(e 10) 1.43 3.04 4.49 7.44 8.94 7.37 7.51 −1.57
S 2(e C ) 2.04 3.99 5.95 10.80 13.83 11.34 11.79 −2.49
S 2(e A ) 2.19 4.09 5.66 10.82 14.22 11.76 12.04 −2.46
S 2(SD) 0.43 0.41 0.30 0.50 0.74 0.63 0.31 −0.11
S 2(A’) 0.04 0.07 0.06 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.03 0.00
 cor (e 10,SD) −0.11 −0.25 −0.50 −0.74 −0.80 −0.77 −0.69 0.03
 cor (SD,A’) −0.54 −0.38 −0.06 −0.31 −0.49 −0.48 0.05 0.01
 cor (e 10,A’) −0.11 −0.10 −0.36 −0.11 0.06 0.11 0.16 0.05
Men
 Mean(e 10) 59.5 60.0 61.2 62.7 63.8 65.3 4.3 1.5
 Mean(e C ) 44.5 45.1 46.3 48.0 49.4 51.0 4.9 1.6
 Mean(e A ) 41.0 41.7 42.8 44.5 46.0 47.5 5.0 1.5
 Mean(SD) 15.0 14.9 14.9 14.7 14.4 14.3 −0.6 −0.1
 Mean(A) −0.23 −0.23 −0.23 −0.24 −0.24 −0.25 −0.01 −0.01
S 2(e 10) 3.11 7.22 11.13 22.58 29.28 23.27 26.17 −6.01
S 2(e C ) 5.89 12.61 16.96 32.95 42.28 34.17 36.39 −8.21
S 2(e A ) 6.37 12.22 15.34 27.16 34.55 28.46 28.18 −6.09
S 2(SD) 4.97 5.45 4.94 5.48 7.72 7.10 2.75 −0.62
S 2(A’) 0.16 0.15 0.25 0.46 0.93 0.86 0.77 −0.07
 cor (e 10,SD) −0.74 −1.03 −1.39 −3.47 −7.35 −6.56 −6.61 0.78
 cor (SD,A’) −0,60 −0.16 −0.04 0.52 0.61 0.58 1.21 −0.03
 cor (e 10,A’) 0.03 −0.36 −0.59 −0.86 −0.90 −0.86 −0.93 0.04
  1. Notes: the table shows variance in statistics of the distribution of life-table ages at death above age 10; e 10 is the life expectancy at age 10; e C is the Equivalent Length of Life with e 10 adjusted for dispersion of ages at death above age 10; e A is the Equivalent Length of Life with e 10 adjusted for dispersion and skewness of ages at death above age 10; SD is the standard deviation; A and A’ are the skewness statistics; cor stands for correlation. The statistics of the life-table age-at-death distribution above age 10 for the individual countries, by sex, and selected years, can be viewed from the Appendix (Table 3 and Fig. 2). Source: Authors’ estimations based on Human Mortality Database (2014)
  2. aOr latest available year