Skip to main content

Table 3 Profiles of PhD students by family background characteristics. Absolute values and raw percentage values

From: Italian PhD students at the borders: the relationship between family background and international mobility

    Study abroad  
Remained in Italy Financed stay Non-financed stay Total
       abs.v. (% over total obs)
Profile A: low SES 387 (76.0) 90 (17.7) 32 (6.3) 509 (1.8)
 Parental education: Primary         
 Mother’s economic activity: Homemaker         
 Father’s social class: Working class (skilled/unskilled worker)         
Profile B: medium-low SES 238 (71.3) 70 (21.0) 26 (7.8) 334 (1.2)
 Parental education: Lower secondary         
 Mother’s economic activity: Homemaker         
 Father’s social class: Routine non-manuals         
Profile C: medium-high SES 1639 (64.1) 712 (27.9) 205 (8.0) 2556 (9.0)
 Parental education: Upper secondary         
 Mother’s economic activity: Employed/self-employed         
 Father’s social class: Lower-grade professionals         
Profile D: high SES 1706 (62.9) 715 (26.4) 291 (10.7) 2712 (9.5)
 Parental education: Tertiary/post-tertiary         
 Mother’s economic activity: Employed/self-employed         
 Father’s social class: Higher-grade professionals         
  1. Authors’ elaboration on the Istat Survey on occupational conditions of PhD holders. Years 2014 and 2018