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Table 5 Composition of the sample by trait and state anxiety

From: Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on university students’ anxiety disorder in Italy

Trait State score ≥ Trait score State score < Trait score
Low Moderate High High High High
State High High High High Moderate Low
(n = 347) (n = 625) (n = 1600) (n = 597) (n = 221) (n = 100)
Sex
 Female 0.70 0.68 0.74 0.71 0.56 0.58
 Male 0.30 0.32 0.26 0.29 0.44 0.42
Age
 18–21 0.39 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.40 0.40
 22–25 0.40 0.40 0.39 0.40 0.39 0.34
 26–30 0.15 0.12 0.14 0.13 0.16 0.13
 > 30 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.13
University
 Messina 0.31 0.32 0.37 0.35 0.29 0.18
 Marche 0.36 0.39 0.36 0.38 0.45 0.42
 Udine 0.33 0.29 0.27 0.28 0.27 0.40
Degree
 Master’s degree 0.24 0.21 0.22 0.17 0.17 0.16
 Single-cycle master program 0.13 0.16 0.13 0.13 0.20 0.15
 Bachelor’s degree 0.60 0.61 0.65 0.69 0.63 0.67
 Specializing master or specialization degree 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01
 PhD 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01
Area of Study
 Economics and law 0.17 0.19 0.21 0.14 0.13 0.09
 Medicine 0.18 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.20
 Sciences 0.45 0.46 0.40 0.49 0.51 0.54
 Humanities and education 0.20 0.18 0.22 0.20 0.16 0.17