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Table 3 Odds ratios and significance from the multinomial logistic regression models dependent variable length of stay (baseline ‘for a long time’)

From: Intentions on desired length of stay among immigrants in Italy

  For ever For a short period
All Female Male All Female Male
Age 0.977 1.001 0.939 0.930** 0.916* 0.934
Age squared 1.000 0.999 1.001 1.001* 1.001* 1.001
Years since migration 1.038* 1.068** 1.015 1.034 0.999 1.065
Years since migration squared 0.999 0.999 1.000 0.999 0.999 0.999
Female (ref male) 0.841*    0.772**   
Citizenship (ref Senegalese)       
 Romanian 1.732** 2.910 1.412 1.647** 1.795 1.536
 Albanian 2.452*** 3.658* 2.423*** 0.912 1.236 0.808
 Chinese 1.315 1.936 1.423 0.645 0.658 0.619
 Filipino 1.112 1.946 0.880 0.409 0.485 0.315
 Moroccan 3.149*** 4.479** 3.113*** 1.065 1.168 1.048
 Ukrainian 1.833** 3.147* 0.979 1.215 1.388 0.902
 Tunisian 2.071** 1.942 2.183** 1.130 0.932 1.104
 Polish 1.689* 2.277 2.435 1.612 1.619 2.313
 Other 2.148*** 3.382* 1.995*** 1.083 1.242 0.999
Degree (ref other) 0.902 0.886 0.947 1.486*** 1.192 1.778***
Children (ref all children in Italy)      
 No children 0.939 0.845 1.063 1.505*** 1.102 2.115***
 At least one child abroad 0.958 0.938 0.943 1.636*** 1.278 2.162***
Partner (ref partner in Italy)       
 Partner abroad 0.858 0.659* 0.896 1.354* 1.658** 1.012
 No partner 0.894 0.881 0.758* 1.016 1.193 0.762
Professional status (ref stably employed)      
 Unstably or irregularly employed 1.383*** 1.094 1.649*** 1.117 1.074 1.299
 Non-active 1.419** 1.572*** 0.701 1.863*** 1.633* 2.376**
Legal status (ref regular and resident)      
 Regular but not resident 0.915 0.854 1.035 1.621*** 1.599* 1.656**
 Undocumented 1.256 1.287 1.100 1.602*** 1.670* 1.541*
Friendship (ref all foreigners)      
More foreigners than Italians 0.907 0.966 0.921 0.766* 0.794 0.760
Italian and foreigners equally 1.233 1.370 1.227 0.757* 0.647* 0.862
More Italians than foreigners 1.812*** 2.115*** 1.696** 0.730* 0.713 0.797
Feeling very well in Italy (ref other) 2.244*** 2.256*** 2.249*** 0.792* 0.716* 0.902
Homeownership (ref other) 1.891*** 1.991*** 1.603*** 0.832 0.744 1.034
Ability to save (ref save every month)      
 Spending all the income 0.956 1.011 0.905 1.029 0.901 1.212
 Difficulty in making ends meet 1.178* 1.152 1.172 1.290** 1.140 1.526**
Remitting (ref never)       
 Every month 0.524*** 0.511*** 0.534*** 1.316* 1.141 1.437*
 Sometimes/in case of need 0.689*** 0.734** 0.654*** 0.985 0.727 1.215
Bank account owner 1.151* 1.184 1.122 0.903 0.849 0.999
Loyalties (ref higher attachment to the origin country)      
 No attachment 3.100*** 3.427*** 2.837*** 1.011 0.709 1.354
 Higher attachment to Italy 4.351*** 4.584*** 4.345*** 0.242*** 0.173*** 0.349*
 High attachment to both Country 1.595*** 1.625*** 1.628*** 0.397*** 0.362*** 0.425***
Proficiency in Italian 0.955 0.946 0.980 1.146 1.108 1.122
High degree of approval for the Italian lifestyle 1.251*** 0.978 1.543*** 0.702*** 0.731** 0.693***
Frequent use of Italian at home (ref other) 1.404*** 1.600*** 1.185 1.253* 1.294* 1.024
Number 6494 3137 3257    
  1. Source: elaboration on ISMU data
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01 and ***p < 0.001