Skip to main content

Table 3 Gender gap in the exclusion from home ownership (homeowners versus tenant or rent-free) by country of residence. Results of a multinomial regression model expressed in relative risk ratios (RRR)

From: Home bitter home? Gender, living arrangements, and the exclusion from homeownership among older Europeans

Country Gender gap in homeownership (RRR)
Tenant Rent-free
Initial Controlling for hh type Controlling for all Initial Controlling for hh type Controlling for all
Austria 1.27** 1.04 0.94 1.53*** 1.41*** 1.10
Germany 1.12 0.96 0.94 1.19 1.08 1.02
Sweden 1.43** 1.08 1.06 1.35* 1.15 1.09
Netherlands 1.47*** 1.31** 1.10 1.38 1.10 0.87
Spain 0.81 0.77 0.76 1.12 0.98 0.90
Italy 1.40** 1.28* 1.14 1.00 0.88 0.82
France 1.23** 1.05 0.91 1.55** 1.35 1.29
Denmark 1.53*** 1.27* 1.19 2.33*** 1.86** 1.73*
Switzerland 1.41*** 1.19* 1.08 1.22 1.09 0.84
Belgium 1.21* 1.03 0.98 1.19 1.07 1.04
Czech Republic 1.15 1.07 1.05 1.26** 1.13 1.10
Poland 1.41* 1.34 1.34 1.52** 1.44* 1.21
Hungary 1.93** 1.82** 1.47 1.67*** 1.61** 1.31
Portugal 1.44** 1.25 0.97 3.29*** 3.57*** 2.09**
Slovenia 0.80 0.72 0.70 1.34* 1.22 1.16
Estonia 0.91 0.72* 0.80 1.07 0.90 0.89
  1. Note: results are controlled for variables included in Tables 1 and 2
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001