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Table 4 Determinants of participation in domestic activities of young people living at parental home

From: The time benefits of young adult home stayers in France and Italy: a new perspective on the transition to adulthood?

  Men Women
Italy France Italy France
Age 22.603*** −17.317 5.89 8.401
6.935 18.738 6.768 20.962
Age squared −0.367*** 0.421 −0.032 −0.062
0.133 0.373 0.133 0.437
Education = high (ref = low) 23.046** 18.506 −14.168 −10.858
10.561 19.766 9.732 17.268
Medium (ref = low) 2.461 16.213 −2.84 −26.778**
6.024 15.422 6.028 13.371
Student (ref = employed) 26.393*** 24.845 11.112* 18.397
7.883 17.788 6.324 16.746
Unemployed/ OLF (ref = employed) 49.855*** 74.081*** 90.509*** 99.769***
7.484 19.476 6.6 18.149
Number of children <18 10.659* −8.312 4.626 0.397
6.261 8.154 5.568 6.863
Number of young adults −5.528 −10.047 4.591 −12.167*
4.715 9.188 4.152 7.058
Male siblings 2.163 −3.192   
6.678 15.602   
Female siblings    −10.365* −22.252*
   5.86 13.414
Mother in employment 11.246* 20.849 15.736*** 10.567
5.945 16.57 5.333 14.378
Mother’s education= medium (ref = low) −9.887 12.13 −18.146*** −21.994
7.656 20.97 6.849 20.771
Mother's education = high (ref = low) −2.176 −20.272 −57.539*** −28.479*
12.568 20.624 11.473 17.058
Sunday (ref=weekday) −3.746 −5.355 −6.472 31.849**
6.608 17.948 5.965 16.006
Saturday 40.857*** 4.033 39.225*** 48.094***
6.346 17.646 5.899 14.997
Paid domestic help 7.593 6.193 17.416 1.646
14.903 27.066 14.531 25.52
Big city (ref = rural) −4.456 −20.533 −9.712 −25.552**
7.568 14.337 6.984 12.831
Small city −16.860*** −17.901 −7.512 −12.264
6.3 21.074 5.805 19.412
Number of rooms 5.356*** 5.895 0.478 −5.082
1.841 6.085 1.64 5.226
Garden 9.637* 12.551 −3.491 8.739
5.696 16.052 5.294 14.264
Constant −408.601*** 123.199 −65.773 −29.826
89.556 232.192 83.703 249.743
Observations 2,965 595 2,539 500
  1. French (1999) and Italian (2003) time-use surveys
  2. Standard errors in italics
  3. *Significant at 10%; **significant at 5%; ***significant at 1%
  4. Estimates by gender and by country (Tobit model)