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Table 6 Participation in domestic activities in minutes per day by living arrangements and differences in participation between Italians and French (Tobit model)

From: The time benefits of young adult home stayers in France and Italy: a new perspective on the transition to adulthood?

  Men Women
Model A Model B Model A Model B
Italy −41.52*** −53.99*** 23.55*** −11.09
(4.70) (7.10) (4.58) (7.56)
Single 80.28*** 75.95*** 64.66*** 37.73***
(6.94) (10.84) (7.81) (11.85)
Single* Italy   0.06   25.44*
  (12.70)   (14.53)
Childless couple 93.73*** 75.98*** 118.66*** 81.21***
(6.57) (10.74) (6.27) (10.86)
Childless couple* Italy   −23.54*   43.94***
  (12.40)   (12.20)
Couple with child(ren) 151.46*** 132.73*** 283.43*** 238.44***
(5.82) (9.20) (5.52) (9.30)
Couple with child(ren)* Italy   −25.08***   55.38***
  (9.54)   (9.26)
Differences: Italy minus France
 Young living with parents   −53.99***   −11.09
 Singles   −53.93***   14.34
 Couples   −77.53***   32.85***
 Couples with child(ren)   −79.07***   44.29***
 Observations 6757 7269
  1. French (1999) and Italian (2003) time-use surveys, pooled data
  2. Controlled always for interview day: age, age squared, education level, activity status, number of rooms, presence of a garden, access to domestic services, town size, day of interview.
  3. Standard errors in parentheses, *significant at 10%, **significant at 5%, ***significant at 1%