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Table 7 Family composition effects on parents’ participation in domestic activities in minutes per day (OLS model)

From: The time benefits of young adult home stayers in France and Italy: a new perspective on the transition to adulthood?

  Italy France
Ref = no child no young adult Couple Mother Father Couple Mother Father
1 young adult 23.82*** 28.79*** −4,97 21,75 20.72** 1,03
(5.81) (4.14) (3.49) (14.56) (9.54) (9.47)
1child <18 66.36*** 51.87*** 14.49*** 65.63*** 35.86*** 29.77**
(9.01) (6.42) (5.41) (18.88) (12.36) (12.28)
2 young adults 45.00*** 43.44*** 1,56 19,22 13,4 5,81
(6.54) (4.66) (3.92) (20.48) (13.41) (13.32)
2 = 1 child + 1 young adult 66.17*** 59.38*** 6,79 71.36*** 44.78*** 26.58**
(8.16) (5.81) (4.90) (20.62) (13.50) (13.41)
2 children 119.68*** 88.28*** 31.40*** 84.82*** 78.34*** 6,48
(9.06) (6.46) (5.44) (22.33) (14.62) (14.52)
≥3 young adults 38.79*** 55.43*** −16.64** 97.17** 87.42*** 9,74
(13.97) (9.95) (8.38) (44.69) (29.26) (29.06)
≥3 at least 1 child 1 young adult 73.10*** 79.96*** −6,86 89.86*** 83.33*** 6,53
(9.61) (6.84) (5.77) (21.06) (13.79) 13.70
≥3 children 152.82*** 113.53*** 39.29*** 157.69*** 127.20*** 30,49
(16.67) (11.87) (10.00) (30.30) (19.84) (19.70)
Constant 318.32*** 219.20*** 99.13*** 192.87*** 135.97*** 56,9
(28.08) (20.01) (16.854) (71.01) (46.0) (46.17)
Observations 11766 11766 11766 2258 2258 2258
R-squared 0,139 0,176 0,119 0,165 0,209 0,144
  1. French (1999) and Italian (2003) time-use surveys
  2. Controlled by women’s age, men’s age, couple employment status, couple educational level, number of rooms, presence of a garden, access to domestic services, town size, day of interview
  3. *Significant at 10%, **significant at 5%, ***significant at 1%