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Table 2 Mean absolute (percent) error over the period 1960–2014 and mean error over the period 2005–2014 of the log death rates limited to age 65 and above of the Lee-Carter forecast estimated over the period 1960–2014, for eight Western European countries, men and women combined

From: Comparing strategies for matching mortality forecasts to the most recently observed data: exploring the trade-off between accuracy and robustness

  FRA ESP SWE BEL UK NOR FIN NLD
Mean absolute error (1960–2014) 0.028 0.040 0.031 0.032 0.036 0.037 0.046 0.036
Mean absolute percent error (1960–2014) 1.20 1.72 1.49 1.61 1.51 1.61 2.34 1.65
Mean error (2005–2014) 0.017 0.019 − 0.016 0.001 − 0.035 − 0.016 − 0.028 − 0.019