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Table 9 Mean absolute (percent) error over the period 1960–2014 and mean error over the period 2005–2014 of the log death rates limited to age 65 and above of the Lee-Carter forecast estimated over the period 1960–2014, men (a) and women (b)

From: Comparing strategies for matching mortality forecasts to the most recently observed data: exploring the trade-off between accuracy and robustness

  FRA ESP SWE BEL UK NOR FIN NLD
a. Men
 Mean absolute error (1960–2014) 0.027 0.039 0.046 0.049 0.043 0.061 0.064 0.067
 Mean absolute percent error (1960–2014) 1.39 1.91 2.25 2.61 2.06 2.82 3.66 3.06
 Mean error (2005–2014) 0.005 0.019 − 0.046 − 0.028 − 0.047 − 0.052 − 0.045 − 0.063
b. Women
 Mean absolute error (1960–2014) 0.029 0.042 0.036 0.039 0.035 0.046 0.062 0.040
 Mean absolute percent error (1960–2014) 1.09 1.79 1.57 1.73 1.36 1.89 2.82 1.73
 Mean error (2005–2014) 0.018 − 0.007 0.004 0.015 − 0.034 0.000 − 0.055 0.010