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Table 4 One-step-ahead forecast bias of the fitted models in terms of MSE

From: Mortality and life expectancy forecast for (comparatively) high mortality countries

Country LC LCP LM BMS HU HUR HUW LL
Belarus 0.079 0.033
Bulgaria 0.044 0.037 0.033 0.038 0.047 0.045 0.034 0.034
Estonia 0.141 0.137 0.283 0.151 0.214 0.204 0.176 0.167
Hungary 0.065 0.057 0.049 0.052 0.048 0.047 0.042 0.057
Latvia 0.110 0.110 0.140 0.109 0.115 0.134 0.107 0.051
Lithuania 0.262 0.079 0.128 0.096 0.074 0.086 0.079 0.127
Russia 0.010
Slovakia 0.112 0.111 0.1967 0.130 0.169 0.163 0.162 0.109
Ukraine 0.015 0.008
  1. A blank place means the forecast of e0 was lower than the last observed value of e0.