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Table 2 Percentage of ever-married women aged 15–49 with mother/father living by socioeconomic status, India Human Development Survey, 2011–2012

From: Socioeconomic disparity in adult mortality in India: estimations using the orphanhood method

  Maternal orphanhood Paternal orphanhood
% Alive Total % Alive Total
Literacy status of the respondent’s parent
 Illiterate 75.16 24,992 51.02 17,940
 Literate 86.58 8172 70.25 15,140
Caste
 General castes 79.09 9815 60.15 9815
 Other backward castes 78.77 13,464 60.74 13,464
 Scheduled castes and tribes 75.38 9933 57.54 9933
Religion
 Hindu 78.14 28,349 59.83 28,349
 Non-Hindu 76.19 4906 58.46 4906
Education level of the respondent
 Illiterate 69.75 11,856 50.35 11,856
 Primary school or below 77.06 5326 56.98 5326
 Secondary school or below 83.13 11,206 65.43 11,206
 Higher secondary and above 86.32 4876 71.76 4876
 Literatea 82.34 21408 64.77 21408
Income of offspring’s family
 Less than 50,000 INR 76.8 9573 59.52 9573
 50,000 to 100,000 INR 77.52 9904 58.35 9904
 100,000 INR or above 78.83 13,788 60.63 13,788
Total 77.86 33,265 59.63 33,265
  1. Source: Authors’ own calculation from IHDS data, 2011–2012
  2. Literate respondents are all educated (primary school and above) respondents together