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Journal of Population Sciences

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Table 1 Proportion (in percent) of populations aged 30 years and above by education level for Italy (1991–2011), Denmark (1990–2010), and the USA (1990–2010), stratified by gender

From: The impact of increasing education levels on rising life expectancy: a decomposition analysis for Italy, Denmark, and the USA

  Italy (1991–2011) Denmark (1990–2010) USA (1990–2010)
Low Med High Low Med High Low Med High
Men
 1990/91 75.9 17.6 6.5 48.6 35.0 16.4 21.7 54.7 23.6
 2010/11 53.8 34.0 12.2 29.6 43.9 26.5 13.3 57.9 28.8
 Difference − 22.1 +16.4 +5.7 − 19.0 +8.9 +10.1 − 8.4 +3.2 +5.2
Women
 1990/91 81.8 14.3 3.9 62.7 23.4 13.9 22.9 60.1 17.0
 2010/11 56.8 30.7 12.5 35.0 36.3 28.7 12.4 60.4 27.2
 Difference − 25.0 +16.4 +8.6 − 27.7 +12.9 +14.8 − 10.5 +0.3 +10.2
Both sexes
 1990/91 79.0 15.8 5.2 55.9 29.0 15.1 22.4 57.6 20.0
 2010/11 55.4 32.2 12.4 32.3 40.1 27.6 12.8 59.2 28.0
 Difference − 23.6 +16.4 +7.2 − 23.6 +11.1 +12.5 − 9.6 +1.6 +8.0
  1. Source: authors’ own calculations; the data sources for the three populations can be found in the “Data” section
  2. Notes: Low education includes the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED-97) levels 0 (pre-primary education), 1 (primary education or first stage of basic education), and 2 (lower secondary education); medium education includes the levels of 3 (upper secondary education) and 4 (post-secondary non-tertiary education); high education refers to the levels of 5 (first stage of tertiary education) and 6 (second stage of tertiary education). Differences are given in percentage points
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