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Journal of Population Sciences

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Table 2 Life expectancy at age 30 (e30) for Italy (1991–2011), Denmark (1990–2010), and the USA (1990–2010), stratified by education and gender

From: The impact of increasing education levels on rising life expectancy: a decomposition analysis for Italy, Denmark, and the USA

  Italy (1991–2011) Denmark (1990–2010) USA (1990–2010)
Total Low Med High Total Low Med High Total Low Med High
Men
 1990/91 45.5 44.7 49.1 51.4 43.4 42.2 43.5 46.3 44.2 41.7 43.7 47.1
 2010/11 50.6 48.3 56.1 56.3 47.6 44.6 47.8 50.8 48.0 43.2 47.2 52.6
 Difference +5.1 +3.6 +7.0 +4.9 +4.2 +2.4 +4.3 +4.5 +3.8 +1.5 +3.5 +5.5
Women
 1990/91 51.5 51.2 56.1 55.4 48.6 47.9 47.7 51.6 50.3 49.5 49.8 51.5
 2010/11 55.1 53.8 60.4 60.5 51.5 49.1 52.8 54.4 52.2 48.8 51.9 55.3
 Difference +3.6 +2.6 +4.3 +5.1 +2.9 +1.2 +5.1 +2.8 +1.9 − 0.7 +2.1 +3.8
Both sexes
 1990/91 48.6 48.1 52.3 52.6 46.0 45.2 45.3 48.7 47.4 45.5 47.0 49.0
 2010/11 53.0 51.2 58.1 57.9 49.6 47.0 49.7 52.8 50.2 45.8 49.7 53.8
 Difference +4.4 +3.1 +5.8 +5.3 +3.6 +1.8 +4.4 +4.1 +2.8 +0.3 +2.7 +4.8
  1. Source: authors’ own calculations; the data sources for the three populations can be found in the “Data” section
  2. Note: Decimals may be adjusted to make differences fit to results of decomposition in Table 3
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