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Journal of Population Sciences

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Table 3 Descriptive statistics on independent individual-level variables. Sample of immigrants (N = 6255) in six selected countries of residence, between 2011 and 2012

From: Immigrant citizenship status in Europe: the role of individual characteristics and national policies

Independent variables % or mean and (SD)
Demographic variables
 Age (in years) 38.2 (12.5)
 Female 51.2
 Marital status
  - Legally married, civil union 52.1
  - Legally separated, divorced, dissolved civil union 7.9
  - Living with partner 6.9
  - Single 29.7
  - Widowed, civil partner deceased 2.7
 Area of origin
  - Asia 13.1
  - Eastern Europe 16.6
  - Latin America 22.6
  - Middle East 11.6
  - North Africa 16.6
  - Sub-Saharan Africa 18.6
 Former colony 38.0
Human capital variables
 Perceived financial well-being
  - Comfortable 14.9
  - Sufficient 45.5
  - Difficult 25.4
  - Very difficult 12.9
Current economic situation
  - In paid work 57.9
  - Homemaker or other 7.2
  - In education 9.8
  - Retired, sick or disabled 5.3
  - Unemployed 19.1
 Educational attainment 10.7 (4.4)
Immigration variables
 Years since migration 13.8 (10.6)
 Immigrant generation
  - 1st generation 75.3
  - 1.5 generation 24.1
 Status on entry
  - Work or study 32.5
  - Family reunion 27.9
  - Permanent-long term 8.3
  - Humanitarian 11.9
  - Other legal status 12.0
  - Other illegal status 4.2
  1. The variables marital status, area of origin, perceived financial well-being, current economic situation, immigrant generation and status on entry have missing values
  2. Source: Own elaboration of ICS data