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Journal of Population Sciences

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Table 4 Measures of national citizenship policies in the six selected countries in 2011

From: Immigrant citizenship status in Europe: the role of individual characteristics and national policies

Country No. of years of residence required for naturalisation Toleration of dual citizenship (1 = yes; 0 = no) Naturalisation rate of all foreign citizens (in %) Naturalisation rate of non-EU foreign citizens only (in %) Proportion (%) of all foreign citizens Proportion (%) of non-EU foreign citizens only
Belgium 5 1 2.56 5.52 11.04 3.7
France 5 1 2.96 4.06 6.04 3.8
Germany 8 0 1.52 2.37 9.05 4.8
Italy 10 1 1.45 1.77 6.82 4.9
Portugal 6 1 5.22 6.58 4.14 2.8
Spain 10 1 2.16 3.46 11.18 7.0
  1. Source: Own elaboration of various sources