Skip to main content

Table 1 Correlation between the national PTFRs and selected social indicators of human development (HDI), gender relations (GII, GEI*), female labour force participation (FER) and second demographic transition pattern (SDT): European countries

From: The second demographic transition, 1986–2020: sub-replacement fertility and rising cohabitation—a global update

  Overall Cluster A Cluster B
R Rsq R Rsq R Rsq
TFR-HDI 2000 + .54 .29 − .05 .00 + .13 .02
TFR-HDI 2008 + .59 .36 + .05 .00 + .14 .02
TFR-HDI 2012 + .54 .29 − .09 .01 − .03 .00
TFR-GII 2012 − .33 .11 + .38 .15 + .11 .01
TFR-GEI*2013 + .58 .33 .56 .28 − .05 .00
TFR-FER 2000 + .27 .07 + .06 .00 − .08 .01
TFR-FER 2009 + .40 .16 − .28 .08 + .25 .06
TFR-SDT 2001 + .52 .27 .68 .46 + .15 .02
  1. Bold italics indicate R values ≥ + .50 and Rsq ≥ .25
  2. Source: Lesthaeghe and Permanyer (2014)