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Table 5 Percentage of Japanese women aged 20–49 years in a union who experienced union formation by conception, cohabitation or marriage, by education; 2009

From: The second demographic transition, 1986–2020: sub-replacement fertility and rising cohabitation—a global update

Education level Conception Cohabitation Marriage
Junior high school 33.3 40.5 26.2
High school 18.6 24.9 56.5
Vocational training 18.7 30.5 50.8
College 11.9 16.5 71.6
University 6.8 23.9 69.3
  1. Source: Courtesy of James Raymo; data: Japanese Survey on Family and Economic conditions 2009