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Table 3 Hazard ratios showing the effects of religiosity and gender on experiencing first intercourse before age 18, uncontrolled (Model 1) and controlled for family characteristics (Model 2), and respondents’ teenage lifestyles (Model 3)

From: Religiosity differences in the transition to first intercourse before age 18 among Polish students

  2001 2013
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Level of religiosity
 Religion is important—females (= 1.00)       
 Religion is important—males 1.824** 1.790** 1.245 1.271 1.266 1.105
 Religion is of fairly or not important—females 3.965*** 3.779*** 2.725*** 2.543*** 2.451*** 2.243***
 Religion is of fairly or not important—males 5.380*** 5.190*** 3.000*** 3.161*** 2.999*** 2.673***
Family characteristics
 Father education level       
  (High = 1.00)       
  Low   0.917 1.049   1.090 0.992
 Mother education level       
  (High = 1.00)a       
  Low   0.933 0.911   1.029 1.137
 Relationship between parents       
  (They live together = 1.00)       
  They do not live together   1.556** 1.506**   1.485** 1.505**
 Relationship with father in teenage years       
  (Close = 1.00)       
  So-so or poor   1.006 1.001   0.816 0.835
 Relationship with mother in teenage years       
  (Close = 1.00)       
  So-so or poor   1.108 1.030   1.380** 1.491**
 Degree of parental supervision       
  (Little or no control = 1.00)b       
  High control   1.036 1.106   0.887 0.996
Teenage lifestyle
 Age at getting drunk for the first time/alcohol exposure at age 16–18c       
  Before age18/once a month or more often    2.946***    1.550***
 Going to clubs and discos       
  (Sometimes or never = 1.00)       
  Often or very often    1.905***    1.546***
 Satisfied with outward appearance       
  (Not or rather not = 1.00)       
  Yes or rather yes    1.662***    1.964***
 Scholarly achievement       
  (very good = 1.00)       
  Poor or good    1.086    0.920
 -2LL (change in LLR) 4238.99 4230.65 4143.94 5356.76 5332.11 5246.57
  1. The hazard ratios (HR) represent the relative risk of reporting first sexual experience between age 13 and 18 among respondents in a given category compared with those in the reference category
  2. **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  3. aAge at completing education 22 years or older (2001); university education (2013);
  4. bParents allowed the respondent to come home late in the evening often or very often (ref);
  5. cAge at getting drunk for the first time—never or over age 18 (ref. 2001); alcohol exposure at ages 16–18—never or occasionally (ref. 2013)