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Table 1 Background characteristics of study participants (NDHS 2018), N = 13,109

From: Relationship between Religion and Unintended Childbearing in Nigeria: A Cross-Regional Perspective

Characteristics Number Percent
Last birth intention
 Intended 11,432 87.2
 Unintended 1677 12.8
Religious affiliation
 Catholic 1146 8.7
 Other Christians 3986 30.4
 Muslims 7867 60.0
 Traditionalist/no religion 110 0.8
Region of residence
 North-central 2303 17.6
 North-east 2810 21.4
 North-west 3926 30.0
 South-east/south-south 2706 20.6
 South-west 1364 10.4
Women’s age
 15–24 years 3980 30.3
 25–34 years 6408 48.9
 35 years and above 2721 20.8
Women’s education
 None 5780 44.1
 Primary 1976 15.1
 Secondary 4334 33.0
 Post-secondary 1019 7.8
Place of residence
 Rural 8648 66.0
 Urban 4461 34.0
Employment status
 Working 8500 66.0
 Not working 4609 34.0
Type of employment status
 Not working 4609 35.2
 Working and paid in cash only 5951 45.4
 Working and receiving cash and in-kind 1127 8.6
 Working and not paid 1422 10.9
Women’s participation in their own health decision-making
 Participated in own health decision-making 4815 36.7
 Not involved in own health decision-making 8294 63.3
Sex of head of household
 Male 11,896 90.8
 Female 1213 9.2
Household wealth quintile
 First 3030 23.1
 Second 3049 23.3
 Third 2763 21.1
 Fourth 2404 18.3
 Fifth 1863 14.2
Mass media exposure to family planning message
 No exposure 8957 68.3
 Exposed to one mass media source 2567 19.6
 Exposed to two mass media sources 1226 9.4
 Exposed to three mass media sources 359 2.7
Type of marital union
 Never married 348 2.7
 Monogamous 8888 67.8
 Polygamous 3581 27.3
 Previously married or separated 292 2.2
Number of living children
 None 184 1.4
 1–2 children 5341 40.7
 3–4 children 4077 31.1
 5 children and above 3507 26.8