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Table 3 Descriptive characteristics of grandfathers ≥ 60 years by the presence or absence of limitative health problems (data are expressed as the percentage, except for age)

From: Associations of family and social contact with health among Italian grandparents

   No health problems (N=1802) Mild health problems (N=966) Severe health problems (N=495) Total
(N=3263)
At least weekly contact with grandchildren***   84.3 79.4 75.4 81.5
At least weekly contact with children   88.4 85.9 85.7 87.6
At least weekly contact with siblings*** % no siblings 16.0 19.5 22.2 18.0
% having sibling but less than weekly contacts 44.0 46.1 45.3 44.8
% at least weekly contacts 40. 0 34.5 32.5 37.2
Social network % having friends*** 50.7 45.0 34.3 46.6
% having someone living nearby they can count on when in need** 49.2 51.2 42.8 48.8
Age*** Median age 70 75 78 72
Education*** % with a diploma or more 23.9 14.7 10.1 19.1
Region*** % north 42.7 34.2 32.3 38.6
% centre 20.3 18.9 21.2 20.0
% south 37.0 46.9 46.5 41.4
Living arrangements*** % living alone 8.9 11.8 16.6 10.9
% living with partner 87.7 83.1 77.0 84.7
% living without a spouse and with other people 3.4 5.1 6.4 4.4
Work status*** % in the workforce 12.8 5.1 1.6 8.8
Subjective financial situation*** % economic resources of the family are considered at least adequate 68.2 59.5 48.5 62.6
  1. Asterisks indicate statistically significant differences by health status: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001