Skip to main content

Table 4 Descriptive characteristics of grandmothers ≥ 60 years by the presence or absence of limitative health problems (data are expressed as a percentage, except for age)

From: Associations of family and social contact with health among Italian grandparents

   No health problems (N = 2220) Mild health problems (N = 1536) Severe health problems (N = 868) Total (N = 4624)
At least weekly contact with grandchildren***   82.8 78.8 74.7 80.0
At least weekly contact with children***   89.1 87.3 83.6 87.5
At least weekly contact with siblings*** % no siblings 17.3 24.9 26.9 21.6
% having sibling but less than weekly contacts 42.2 43.8 47.1 43.7
% at least weekly contacts 40.5 31.3 26.0 34.7
Social network % having friends*** 48.0 36.9 30.7 41.1
% having someone living nearby they can count on when in need** 51.4 50.5 45.2 49.9
Age*** Median age 70 76 79 73
Education*** % with a diploma or more 14.8 9.1 7.1 11.4
Region*** % north 46.9 35.9 34.8 41.0
% centre 20.4 18.0 21.8 19.8
% south 32.7 46.1 43.4 39.2
Living arrangements*** % living alone 26.7 39.3 40.0 33.4
% living with partner 62.1 45.6 36.0 51.7
% living without a spouse and with other people 11.2 15.1 24.0 14.9
Work status*** % in the workforce 3.5 0.9 0.5 2.1
Subjective financial situation*** % economic resources of the family are considered at least adequate 65.4 55.5 46.7 58.6
  1. Asterisks indicate statistically significant differences by health status: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001