Skip to main content

Table 6 Descriptive characteristics of grandmothers ≥ 60 years by self-perceived health status (data are expressed as the percentage, except for age)

From: Associations of family and social contact with health among Italian grandparents

   Good/very good (N = 1513) Fair (N = 1984) Poor/very poor (N = 1127) Total (N = 4624)
At least weekly contact with grandchildren***   82.4 80.8 75.3 80.0
At least weekly contact with children*   88.7 87.7 85.5 87.5
At least weekly contact with siblings*** % no siblings 19.3 21.5 25.1 21.6
% having sibling but less than weekly contacts 42.6 42.9 46.5 43.7
% at least weekly contacts 38.1 35.6 28.4 34.7
Social network % having friends*** 51.2 39.6 30.0 41.1
% having someone living nearby they can count on in when in need*** 52.8 51.7 42.8 49.9
Age*** Median age 69 74 78 73
Education*** % with a diploma or higher 18.7 9.1 5.8 11.4
Region*** % north 49.9 39.0 32.6 41.0
% centre 20.5 19.2 20.1 19.8
% south 29.6 41.8 47.3 39.2
Living arrangements*** % living alone 28.0 33.8 40.1 33.4
% living with partner 61.8 51.1 39.1 51.7
% living without a spouse and with other people 10.2 15.1 20.8 14.9
Work status*** % in the workforce 4.1 1.3 0.6 2.1
Subjective financial situation*** % economic resources of the family are considered at least adequate 69.8 57.8 45.0 58.6
  1. Asterisks indicate statistically significant differences by health status: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001