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Table 4 Characteristics of “migrant” women in same-sex couples in Germany, compared to other couple types

From: An explorative approach to the cross-section of international migration and sexual preference: same-sex couples in Germany

   “Migrant” in … “Native” in
   same-sex couples opposite-sex/exogamous opposite-sex/endogamous same-sex couples
   % % % %
Individual characteristics     
Age (categorical)*** 18-35 38.8 23.3 29.9 30.3
36-53 32.5 53.6 47.8 38.8
54-70 28.8 23.0 22.3 30.9
Education level** Lower than secondary 56.3 49.1 71.5 57.3
Secondary or higher 43.8 50.9 28.5 42.7
Region of origin** Germany n.a. n.a. n.a. 100.0
European Union (old) 14.6 2.0 9.4 n.a.
European Union (new) 21.7 24.0 16.9 n.a.
Rest of Europe and former SU 23.8 15.9 33.6 n.a.
MENA 17.9 5.2 30.1 n.a.
Asia 7.1 10.6 3.7 n.a.
Other regions 15.0 20.4 6.4 n.a.
German citizen Yes, no migrant n.a. n.a. n.a. 100.0
Yes, and migrant 56.7 55.3 50.2 n.a.
No 43.3 44.7 49.8 n.a.
Occupational status*** Full time 37.1 32.7 24.1 53.9
Part time 16.3 20.9 17.0 10.7
Marginal or unemployed 17.1 15.3 17.7 9.9
Non-employed 29.6 31.0 41.3 25.4
Couple characteristics     
Exogamous union* Yes 18.3 n.a. n.a. 3.3
No 81.7 n.a. n.a. 96.7
Age differences*** No differences 88.8 46.7 54.5 84.7
4 or more years younger/older 11.3 53.3 45.5 15.3
Educational differences *** Same educational level 80.0 56.6 69.3 77.3
Educational differences 20.0 43.4 30.7 22.7
Biological children *** No children in household 65.4 42.5 31.1 75.7
Yes, living in the household 34.6 57.5 68.9 24.3
Total % 1.4 24.3 74.3 2.0
N 240 4,116 12,612 1,340
  1. Source: Calculations based on German Micro census SUF 2013
  2. Note: Using upper boundary for migrant status. Chi2 distribution test for migrants in same-sex unions compared to migrants in opposite-sex unions (exogamous and endogamous),
  3. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; n.a. = not applicable