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Table 5 Characteristics of “migrant” men in same-sex couples in Germany, compared to other couple types

From: An explorative approach to the cross-section of international migration and sexual preference: same-sex couples in Germany

   “Migrant” in … “Native” in
   same-sex couples opposite-sex/exogamous opposite-sex/endogamous same-sex couples
   % % % %
Individual characteristics
Age (categorical)*** 18–35 28.8 17.7 20.3 32.8
36–53 51.5 50.0 50.5 44.4
54–70 19.7 32.3 29.2 22.8
Education level*** Lower than secondary 56.2 55.8 72.1 58.1
Secondary or higher 43.8 44.2 27.9 41.9
Region of origin*** Germany n.a. n.a. n.a. 100.0
European Union (old) 17.2 37.4 10.0 n.a.
European Union (new) 21.9 14.4 15.5 n.a.
Rest of Europe and former SU 12.0 10.7 33.2 n.a.
MENA 18.9 15.8 30.8 n.a.
Asia 8.2 1.7 3.5 n.a.
Other regions 21.9 20.0 7.0 n.a.
German citizen** Yes, no migrant n.a. n.a. n.a. 100.0
Yes, and migrant 44.6 52.4 53.6 n.a.
No 55.4 47.6 46.4 n.a.
Occupational status** Full time 62.2 73.9 72.2 66.8
Part time 4.3 3.6 3.4 4.5
Marginal or unemployed 10.3 6.6 8.2 10.1
Non-employed 23.2 15.9 16.2 18.6
Couple characteristics     
Exogamous union** Yes 27.9 n.a. n.a. 5.1
No 72.1 n.a. n.a. 94.9
Age differences*** No differences 75.1 42.5 54.5 81.4
4 or more years younger/older 24.9 57.5 45.5 18.6
Educational differences *** Same educational level 76.8 56.3 69.3 75.3
Educational differences 23.2 43.7 30.7 24.7
Biological children*** No children in household 93.6 52.0 31.1 93.3
Yes, living in the household 6.4 48.0 68.9 6.7
Total % 1.5 19.6 79.0 1.9
N 233 3,122 12,612 66,654
  1. Source: Calculations based on German Micro census SUF 2013
  2. Note: Using “upper boundary” for “migrant status”. Chi2 distribution test for “migrants” in same-sex unions compared to “migrants” in opposite-sex unions (exogamous and endogamous),
  3. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; n.a. = not applicable