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Journal of Population Sciences

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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of child mortality outcome by study characteristics, EDHS 2016 (N = 10,641)

From: Machine learning approach for predicting under-five mortality determinants in Ethiopia: evidence from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey

Characteristics Child alive before age 5
Percent/mean
Child dead before age 5
Percent/mean
Chi-square test of equality
Child dead/alive 94.9 5.1  
Child sex    p = .0001
 Male 95.8 4.2  
 Female 93.3 6.7  
Birth order    p = 0.71
 1st or 2nd 94.7 5.3  
 3rd or higher 94.4 5.6  
Birth interval    p = .0001
 < 2 years 90.7 9.3  
 2–4 years 95.5 4.45  
 > 4 years 95.5 4.53  
Mothers age at first birth    p = 0.47
 < 20 years 94.3 5.7  
 > 20 years 94.9 5.1  
Age of the mother    p = 0.94
 15–19 94.9 5.0  
 20–34 94.4 5.6  
 35–49 94.6 5.4  
Residence    p = 0.28
 Rural 94.4 5.6  
 Urban 95.7 4.3  
Education    p = 0.34
 No education 94.1 5.9  
 Primary 95.1 4.8  
 Secondary and Higher 95.5 4.5  
Wealth index    p = 0.63
 Low 94.7 5.3  
 Middle 94.7 5.3  
 High 94.1 5.9  
Water source    p = 0.51
 Unimproved 94.3 5.73  
 Improved 94.8 5.23  
Time to water source 167.4 164.6 p = 0.89*
Toilet facility    p = 0.005
 Unimproved 94.2 5.8  
 Improved 97.1 2.9  
Place and mode of delivery services    p = 0.07
 Fac with CS delivery 96.1 3.9  
 Fac without CS delivery 94.1 5.9  
 Home 94.2 5.8  
Contraceptive use    p = 0.23
 Yes 95.1 4.9  
 No 94.2 5.8  
Child wanted    p = 0.74
 Then 94.6 5.4  
 Later 94.5 5.5  
 Not at all 93.6 6.4  
Antenatal visits    p = 0.002
 No visit 94.4 5.6  
 1–4 visits 96.7 3.3  
 5+ visits 97.6 2.4  
Postnatal care visits    p = 0.009
 No 95.8 4.2  
 Yes 98.3 1.7  
Region    p = 0.43
 Oromia 94.2 5.8  
 Addis Ababa 95.9 4.1  
 Afar 91.5 8.5  
 Amhara 94.9 5.1  
 Ben-Gumuz 94.2 5.8  
 Dire Dawa 93.7 6.3  
 Gambella 93.3 6.7  
 Harari 94.5 5.5  
 SNNP 93.3 6.7  
 Somali 96.7 3.3  
 Tigray 93.8 6.2  
Mother’s BMI    p = 0.41
 Underweight 93.7 6.3  
 Normal 94.6 5.4  
 Overweight 95.4 4.6  
Breastfed    p = .0001
 Within an hour of birth 95.5 4.5  
 Greater than an hour of birth 90.2 9.8  
Household size 6.1 5.4 p = .0001*
  1. NB all estimates include sample design and person weights, per DHS instructions. *t test was used instead of chi-square. Significant variables are in bold
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