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Journal of Population Sciences

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Table 3 Effects of specific types of geographical mobility on occupational achievement by sex. Linear probability panel models with FE. Beta coefficients and robust se

From: Social origins, geographical mobility and occupational attainment in contemporary Italy

  Employed Upper class Avoid WC Avoid AGR
λ σ λ σ λ σ λ σ
Male
 Different types of movement
  M5: From rural to urban 0.04** (0.02) 0.03* (0.02) − 0.01 (0.02) 0.03*** (0.01)
  M6: Toward big cities 0.08*** (0.02) 0.02 (0.02) − 0.04* (0.02) 0.01 (0.01)
  M7: From urban to rural 0.01 (0.01) 0.02 (0.01) 0.01 (0.02) 0.01 (0.01)
 Different distances
  M8: GM > 50 km 0.07*** (0.02) 0.05*** (0.02) − 0.03* (0.02) 0.00 (0.01)
  M9: GM > 150 km 0.04*** (0.01) 0.01 (0.01) − 0.01 (0.01) 0.02*** (0.01)
  M10: GM > 300 km 0.02** (0.01) 0.01 (0.01) − 0.00 (0.01) 0.02*** (0.01)
 Order of episodes
  M11: First episode 0.04*** (0.01) 0.02** (0.01) − 0.01 (0.01) 0.02** (0.01)
  M12: Second episode 0.04** (0.02) 0.02 (0.02) − 0.03 (0.02) 0.02* (0.01)
  M13: Third or more 0.03* (0.02) 0.02 (0.02) − 0.03 (0.03) 0.04*** (0.01)
Female
 Different types of movement
  M5: From rural to urban 0.05** (0.02) 0.04*** (0.01) 0.00 (0.02) 0.01 (0.01)
  M6: Toward big cities 0.08*** (0.03) 0.07*** (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) − 0.02*** (0.01)
  M7: From urban to rural − 0.01 (0.02) 0.01 (0.01) 0.03* (0.02) − 0.02** (0.01)
 Different distances
  M8: GM > 50 km 0.03 (0.02) 0.03** (0.01) − 0.02 (0.02) − 0.00 (0.01)
  M9: GM > 150 km − 0.04*** (0.02) 0.01 (0.01) 0.04*** (0.01) 0.01 (0.01)
  M10: GM > 300 km − 0.04*** (0.02) 0.01 (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.00 (0.01)
 Order of episodes
  M11: First episode − 0.05*** (0.02) 0.01 (0.01) 0.05*** (0.01) 0.01 (0.01)
  M12: Second episode − 0.01 (0.02) 0.03** (0.01) 0.03 (0.02) 0.02 (0.01)
  M13: Third or more − 0.03 (0.03) 0.03 (0.02) 0.02 (0.03) 0.02 (0.01)
  1. All models control for region of current residence; enrollment in the educational system; marital status; parenthood; years (1955–2005) and age dummies (from 15 up to 55); highest educational level achieved. In addition, models from M2 on include an interaction term for geographical area of departure by geographical area of destination, defined in M2 as SNDepit × SNDestit, where SN is a dummy for south-north; in M3, as MacroDepit × MacroDestit, where Macro is macro regions (North-West, North-East, Center, South); in all models from M4 to M14 as RegDepit × RegDestit, where Reg is region
  2. *** = p<0.001; ** = p<0.05; * = p<0.1
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