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Table 4 Mean characteristic age φ when fitting the EME and the HMD datasets to the four-parameter modela

From: A two-parameter hazard function to describe age patterns of mortality in ancient Northwestern Europe

Dataset Mean φ (SD)
Per period  
EM 1640–1699 (n = 6) 101 (2)
EM 1700–1749 (n = 5) 102 (5)
EM 1750–1809 (n = 6) 99 (3)
HMD 1750–1800 (n = 50) 100 (3)
HMD 1801–1850 (n = 127) 99 (2)
HMD 1851–1900 (n = 350) 98 (2)
HMD 1901–1950 (n = 345) 98 (2)
HMD 1951–2000 (n = 350) 102 (2)
HMD 2001–2015 (n = 98) 103 (1)
Per country  
HMD Belgium 1841–2015 99 (2)
HMD Denmark 1835–2014 100 (3)
EME England 1640–1809 100 (4)
HMD England & Wales 1841–2013 101 (2)
HMD France 1816–2014 99 (3)
HMD Netherlands 1850–2014 99 (2)
HMD Norway 1846–2014 101 (1)
HMD Sweden 1751–2014 99 (2)
All 1337 life tables 100 (2)
  1. Notes:
  2. aSee equations 25.
  3. Source data: Human Mortality Database (2017, 2017, 2018); Wrigley, Davies, Oeppen & Schofield (1997: 224, 239, 250, 290)