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Table 14 Theoretical over/under-mortality ratio related to secondary infections (head-of-household citizenship status-%)

From: The potential impact of co-residence structures on socio-demographic inequalities in COVID-19 mortality

  Household type
  Full sample 2+ members 4 members
Age Naturalized citizen Not a citizen Naturalized citizen Not a citizen Naturalized citizen Not a citizen
0–9 +93.20 +60.70 +93.20 +60.70 +42.40 +30.20
10–19 +73.50 +72.30 +69.60 +69.90 +57.50 +56.70
20–29 +157.60 +109.50 +123.80 +93.70 +67.00 +58.60
30–39 +83.50 +74.20 +75.30 +68.70 +95.80 +131.80
40–49 +29.00 +26.80 +22.60 +23.10 +39.10 +52.80
50–59 +18.00 +19.20 +9.80 +12.60 +8.80 +16.10
60–69 +2.30 +0.60 − 4.20 − 6.90 − 29.20 − 28.40
70–79 − 1.00 − 9.40 − 8.40 − 19.30 − 32.30 − 36.20
80+ − 0.90 1.80 − 9.20 − 19.50 − 11.30 − 14.50
  1. Reference level: citizen by birth
  2. Note: When the full sample is considered, the primary infection of a 0–9-year-old living in a household headed by a naturalized citizen triggers a vulnerability index 58.7% higher than for the primary infection of a person of the same age living in a household headed by a person from the reference category