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Table 2 Proportion of people living alone by age and head-of-household variables

From: The potential impact of co-residence structures on socio-demographic inequalities in COVID-19 mortality

  Proportion of people living alone (%)
Head-of-household Own age
Education level 0–9 10–19 20–29 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–69 70–79 80+
Less than primary education 0.00 0.3 4.4 8.8 11.8 16.4 22.3 33.9 54.0
Primary education 0.00 0.8 6.8 8.9 11.0 18.7 25.2 34.5 53.6
Lower secondary education 0.00 2.6 10.3 11.1 13.1 20.6 27.9 39.1 57.9
Upper secondary education 0.00 4.3 17.3 11.8 12.3 16.1 19.3 24.4 39.9
University completed 0.00 0.4 28.3 17.1 13.8 18.3 21.9 25.0 37.0
Citizenship status 0–9 10–19 20–29 30–39 40-49 50–59 60–69 70–79 80+
Citizen by birth 0.00 2.7 19.7 13.8 13.0 17.9 22.6 31.2 50.5
Naturalized citizen 0.00 0.4 7.6 9.8 8.5 11.8 17.3 25.7 45.9
Not a citizen 0.00 1.3 13.2 11.0 10.4 13.1 16.3 22.7 37.3
Nativity 0–9 10–19 20–29 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–69 70–79 80+
Foreign-born 0.00 1.1 11.5 10.8 10.00 14.3 19.2 26.7 45.3
Native-born 0.00 2.7 19.9 13.8 13.1 17.8 22.5 31.2 50.5
  1. Note: 9.8% of individuals between 30 and 39 years old and living in a household with a head-of-household being a naturalized citizen live alone. 45.3% of individuals over 80 years old living in a household with a foreign-born head of household live alone