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Table 4 Odds ratios from the fixed-effects and mixed-effects models

From: Motivations and barriers to death registration in Dakar, Senegal

   Fixed-effects model Mixed-effects model
   (1) (2) (3)
Individual characteristics    
 Sex of the deceased Female 0.995 0.968 0.962
 Age of the deceased 0–4 0.455*** 0.503*** 0.506***
(ref: 15–59) 5–14 0.549*** 0.602*** 0.627***
  60 +  1.302*** 1.275*** 1.277***
Household characteristics    
 Education of the HH head Attended school   1.540*** 1.536***
 Age of the HH head 10–29   0.728*** 0.680***
 (ref: 30–59) 60 +    1.454*** 1.382***
 Wealth quintiles Poorer   1.170** 1.136***
 (ref: Poorest) Middle   1.396*** 1.302*
  Richer   1.618*** 1.583***
  Richest   1.638*** 1.515***
 Birth certificate Birth certificate   1.821*** 1.747***
 (ref: None) Decree in lieu of birth certificate   1.413** 1.453*
  DK   0.790 0.796
Contextual characterictics    
 Department Guediawaye   1.005  
 (ref: Dakar) Pikine   0.766***  
  Rufisque   0.508***  
Index of accessibility (logged)    1.133***
 Population density (logged)    1.021
 Crude death rate     1.338***
Constant Constant 5.379*** 2.211*** 0.274*
Observations   12,973 12,895 12,895
Log likelihood    − 5,701.115  − 5,463.310  − 5,327.8
Akaike inf. crit   11,412.230 10,962.620 10,693.7
  1. *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01