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Table 1 Percentage distribution of women with completed fertility by socio-demographic characteristics

From: Consistency of the determinants of achieving fertility desires in Ghana: insights from 2003, 2008 and 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey data sets

Characteristics 2003 (n = 304) 2008 (n = 252) 2014 (n = 474)
Child loss experience
 All children alive 55.8 57.2 61.6
 One or more infant deaths 22.0 20.9 19.2
 One or more child deaths 14.2 13.4 12.1
 Both infant and child deaths 8.1 8.5 7.1
Place of residence
 Urban 44.4 42.3 45.6
 Rural 55.6 57.7 54.4
Ethnicity
 Akan 50.9 51.3 52.3
 Ga-Dangbe/Ewe 21.6 20.1 20.3
 Mole-Dagbani 10.7 15.9 14.9
 Other 16.8 12.7 12.5
Religion
 Catholic 15.1 14.1 10.2
 Other Christians 58.2 59.9 68.5
 Islam 15.6 12.7 14.9
 Other 11.0 13.4 6.4
Education (in completed years)
 Range 0.0–22.0 0.0–17.0 0.0–17.0
 Mean (SD) 5.4 (5.5) 5.1 (5.0) 4.6 (5.4)
Age at first birth
 < 18 years 23.4 28.9 28.8
 18–20 years 36.2 34.6 30.0
 21 years above 40.4 36.6 41.2
Number of marital unions
 Once 60.7 67.7 61.6
 Two or more unions 39.3 32.3 38.4
Ever use of modern contraceptive
 Yes 42.2 44.8 44.6
 No 57.8 55.2 56.4
Partner’s education (in completed years)
 Range 0.0–25.0 0.0–18.0 0.0–18.0
 Mean (SD) 6.9 (6.7) 7.8 (5.3) 7.1 (5.4)
Partner’s preferred fertility
 Both want same 49.6 43.3 42.1
 Husband wants more 20.1 17.7 25.8
 Husband wants fewer 6.0 6.9 7.5
 Don’t know 24.4 32.1 24.5
  1. Source: Generated from the GDHS 2003, 2008 and 2014