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Table 2 Student demographic and academic characteristics by profile and gender (% by column)

From: The academic performance of students with a migrant background: evidence from a cohort enrolled at Sapienza University of Rome

Variables Italians SGs ISs Total
M F M F M F M F
Geographical area of citizenship         
Italy 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 95.8 93.6
Romania a 30.8 34.7 4.1 16.6 0.8 1.7
Eastern Europe 32.0 34.4 8.2 30.3 1.0 2.1
Africa 8.9 6.7 31.2 5.7 0.8 0.4
Asia 8.9 10.2 48.4 28.3 1.1 1.2
Latin America 16.0 10.5 4.9 10.1 0.5 0.7
Western countries 3.6 3.5 3.3 8.9 0.2 0.4
Place of domicile at enrolment         
Rome 43.3 40.6 50.9 48.1 51.6 55.1 43.7 41.3
out Rome 56.7 59.4 49.1 51.9 48.4 44.9 56.3 58.7
Type of high-school diplomab         
Classical and Scientific Lyceum 64.3 61.6 27.2 38.9 62.2 59.9
Other Lyceum 4.47 19.2 6.5 18.6 4.4 18.6
Technical or vocational high school 31.2 18.2 66.3 42.5 31.5 18.5
Foreign high school 100.0 100.0 1.8 3.0
Disciplinary areac         
Architecture 2.5 2.1 3.0 1.4 6.6 2.0 2.6 2.1
Economics 10.5 6.6 15.4 15.8 16.4 7.3 10.7 6.9
Humanities 15.4 27.6 13.6 31.9 18.0 37.7 15.4 28.1
Social sciences 11.5 13.4 13.6 17.5 18.0 23.5 11.6 13.9
Engineering, informatics and statistics 26.4 7.3 34.3 6.0 27.1 6.1 26.6 7.3
Healthcare professions and psychology 21.8 31.5 14.8 19.7 8.2 18.2 21.4 30.7
Scientific disciplines 12.0 11.5 5.3 7.7 5.7 5.3 11.7 11.2
Scholarship         
Scholarship holder 6.3 7.9 18.3 14.7 57.4 32.8 7.5 8.9
Student status         
Still enrolled 31.0 25.0 50.9 43.2 54.9 54.3 31.9 26.4
BAs 43.2 52.3 25.4 38.6 23.0 29.6 42.4 51.1
of which time-to-degree <  = 41 monthsd 41.8 45.2 34.9 36.4 28.6 21.9 41.6 44.6
Drop-out 22.7 20.2 22.5 17.5 18.0 12.6 22.6 19.9
Transfer 3.2 2.6 1.2 0.7 4.1 3.6 3.1 2.5
Mean high-school diploma gradeb (/100) 75.4 78.5 72.4 75.9% 75.4 78.4
Classical and Scientific Lyceum 76.0 79.1 71.6 76.9    75.9 79.1
Other Lyceum 74.1 77.5 75.5 74.3 74.2 77.4
Technical or vocational high school 74.5 77.5 72.4 75.8 74.4 77.4
Mean age at enrolment 20.5 20.1 21.2 20.9 24.6 25.3 20.6 20.3
Time-to-degree <  = 41 monthsd 20.2 19.6 20.4 20.7 23.8 25.8 20.2 19.7
Time-to-degree > 41 monthsd 19.9 19.7 20.2 20.6 24.9 25.2 19.9 19.9
Mean of the final grade (total)d 99.7 102.2 94.9 99.2 92.5 96.1 99.6 102.0
Time-to-degree <  = 41 months 104.1 105.4 99.8 103.4 94.4 101.3 103.9 105.4
Time-to-degree > 41 months 96.6 99.6 92.3 96.7 91.2 94.6 96.5 99.4
Mean follow-up time total (in months) 48.4 46.5 54.8 54.8 57.5 59.5 48.7 47.1
Time-to-degree <  = 75 months 45.7 44.5 47.9 46.7 48.6 50.1 45.8 44.7
drop-out <  = 75 months 20.7 19.7 19.2 24.3 23.8 23.1 20.7 19.9
transfer <  = 75 months 22.1 19.1 12.1 13.8 21.9 30.3 22.0 19.6
Enrolled students (N) 6557 7823 169 285 122 247 6848 8355
  1. Source Authors’ elaboration on administrative data of Sapienza University of Rome
  2. SGs second-generation students; ISs international students
  3. aNot applicable
  4. bComputed only for Italians and second generations
  5. cThe classification of the degree courses follows the academic organisation of Sapienza University
  6. dOut of all students who get a degree <  = 75 months