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Table 1 Sample socio-economic and demographic characteristics by survey year and grandparental status. Weighted data, total sample

From: Grandparents in Italy: trends and changes in the demography of grandparenthood from 1998 to 2016

  Grandparents Non-grandparents
1998 2003 2009 2016 1998 2003 2009 2016
Sample 9,518 10,274 9,643 6,222 22,070 19,810 18,363 13,414
(%) (33.3) (33.2) (33.1) (31.5) (66.7) (66.8) (66.9) (68.5)
% Women 60.4 60.0 60.1 59.5 49.5 49.7 49.4 49.7
Mean age 68.3 69.1 70.1 70.9 50.1 50.2 50.5 52.2
(SD) (10.1) (10.2) (10.5) (10.7) (11.8) (12.1) (12.0) (12.6)
Marital status (%)         
 Never married 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.6 13.3 15.6 18.1 21.7
 Married 68.4 68.2 67.4 66.7 76.5 71.5 67.6 62.1
 Separated 1.6 2.1 3.9 4.1 3.3 5.2 6.6 6.6
 Divorced 1.0 1.3 1.7 2.8 1.6 2.4 2.9 4.4
 Widowed 28.4 28.0 26.6 25.8 5.3 5.4 4.8 5.2
Education level (%)         
 Tertiary 2.8 2.8 3.7 4.3 9.9 10.8 14.6 16.3
 High sec 8.6 10.0 13.7 17.5 30.7 33.5 37.7 39.3
 Low sec 12.3 16.0 22.0 28.2 28.8 33.3 31.7 32.5
 rimary 51.8 51.9 45.8 41.3 25.7 19.0 13.6 9.7
 No education 24.6 19.4 14.8 8.7 4.9 3.4 2.4 2.2
Working status (%)         
 Employed 10.9 11.2 10.9 11.6 55.2 58.2 59.4 57.4
 Unemployed 0.5 0.9 1.8 0.9 3.0 3.4 6.1 4.5
 Homemaker 27.6 23.8 25.6 23.4 19.5 17.2 16.4 15.6
 Retired 53.5 57.5 55.7 58.5 19.2 17.9 15.0 17.6
 Other 7.5 6.6 6.1 5.6 3.1 3.3 3.1 5.0
% Having own income 84.4 85.0 84.5 83.9 80.5 82.0 82.5 82.2
% Home ownership 75.5 75.4 77.5 75.8 73.5 74.4 74.1 71.7
Area of residence (%)         
 North 44.5 44.3 44.1 44.8 48.1 48.3 48.5 47.7
 Centre 21.1 21.0 21.4 19.7 19.6 19.5 19.7 20.6
 South and Islands 34.4 34.7 34.5 35.6 32.3 32.2 31.8 31.7
% Foreign-born 1.5 1.7 n.a 5.6 2.6 4.0 n.a 10.8
Chronic disease
(% at least 1)
17.7 18.2 14.6 13.1 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.7
  1. Source Famiglie e Soggetti Sociali, ISTAT