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Table 2 Grandparents’ family and social network by year. Weighted data, total sample

From: Grandparents in Italy: trends and changes in the demography of grandparenthood from 1998 to 2016

  Survey year
1998 2003 2009 2016
Mean number of children (SD) 2.7 (1.5) 2.6 (1.4) 2.5 (1.2) 2.4 (1.1)
Mean number of grandchildren (SD) 3.5 (3.3) 3.3 (2.9) 3.2 (2.6) 3.1 (2.3)
% Having up to 3 grandchildren   65.4   65.9   68.5   68.4
% Co-residence with (at least) 1 grandchild   7.7   7.1   5.8   7.6
% Co-residence with (at least) 1 child   39.9   36.9   31.5   34.3
% At least 1 parent aliveª   27.7   27.2   31.1   34.2
% Co-residence with at least 1 parentª   7.4   6.4   5.9   4.9
% Having neighbours to rely on   52.8   48.8   49.1   48.8
% Having friends to rely on   38.5   41.3   44.6   44.4
% Other relatives to rely on   30.3   34.3   35.0   36.1
  1. Source Famiglie e Soggetti Sociali, ISTAT
  2. aInformation gathered only from respondents under 69 years old