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Table 5 Socio-economic and demographic characteristics by survey year and grandparental status. Weighted data, men

From: Grandparents in Italy: trends and changes in the demography of grandparenthood from 1998 to 2016

   Grandparents Non-grandparents
1998 2003 2009 2016 1998 2003 2009 2016
Sample 3,910 4,119 3,855 2,627 11,379 9,926 9,233 6,811
(%) (28.1) (28.3) (28.0) (27.1) (71.9) (71.7) (72.0) (73.0)
Mean age 68.3 69.3 70.3 71.2 49.6 49.8 50.3 51.9
(SD) (9.2) (9.5) (9.8) (10.0) (11.0) (11.3) (11.3) (11.9)
Marital status (%)         
 Never married 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 13.6 16.7 20.3 24.2
 Married 86.8 85.3 84.4 82.6 80.1 74.4 69.5 63.0
 Separated 1.7 2.1 3.8 4.3 3.0 5.1 6.2 6.8
 Divorced 0.6 1.1 1.4 2.6 1.4 1.9 2.3 3.9
 Widowed 10.5 11.3 10.2 10.2 1.9 1.9 1.6 2.1
Education level (%)         
 Tertiary 4.2 3.9 5.1 4.7 10.7 11.0 13.5 15.2
 High sec 10.7 12.1 17.0 20.3 32.1 33.6 38.0 39.2
 Low sec 15.3 19.0 26.3 32.3 31.1 35.8 34.5 35.4
 Primary 51.7 50.7 41.3 37.1 22.7 17.2 12.3 8.5
 No education 18.2 14.3 10.3 5.6 3.4 2.4 1.7 1.7
Working status (%)         
 Employed 18.1 16.2 17.1 15.2 71.3 72.0 73.0 67.6
 Unemployed 0.9 1.6 2.2 1.4 3.8 4.0 6.3 5.5
 Homemaker n.a n.a n.a 0.8 n.a n.a n.a 0.5
 Retired 76.6 78.3 75.8 77.6 21.7 20.9 17.6 20.0
 Other 4.3 3.9 5.0 5.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 6.4
% Having own income 98.7 98.5 97.9 97.8 96.4 96.7 95.2 93.7
Area of residence (%)         
 North 43.0 42.9 43.6 44.9 48.2 48.8 49.0 47.8
 Centre 21.4 20.8 21.1 18.6 19.6 19.3 19.7 20.7
 South and Islands 35.6 36.3 35.4 36.5 32.2 31.9 31.4 31.5
% Home ownership 78.3 77.9 79.7 76.1 73.3 74.2 74.2 71.6
% Foreign-born 1.2 1.2 n.a 4.6 2.0 3.6 n.a 9.5
Chronic disease
(% at least 1)
15.2 16.0 13.2 12.0 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.3
  1. Source: Famiglie e Soggetti Sociali, ISTAT
  2. n.a. not available information