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Table 6 Socio-economic and demographic characteristics by survey year and grandparental status. Weighted data, women

From: Grandparents in Italy: trends and changes in the demography of grandparenthood from 1998 to 2016

   Grandparents Non-grandparents
1998 2003 2009 2016 1998 2003 2009 2016
Sample 5,608 6,155 5,788 3,595 10,691 9,884 9,130 6,603
(%) (37.9) (37.5) (37.5) (35.5) (62.1) (62.5) (62.5) (64.5)
Mean age 68.3 68.9 70.1 70.7 50.6 50.6 50.7 52.5
(SD) (10.7) (10.7) (10.9) (11.1) (12.6) (12.8) (12.7) (13.2)
Marital status (%)         
 Never married 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.9 13.0 14.5 15.8 19.1
 Married 56.3 56.8 56.0 55.8 72.7 68.6 65.6 61.2
 Separated 1.4 2.1 4.0 4.0 3.6 5.3 7.0 6.4
 Divorced 1.3 1.5 1.9 2.9 1.8 2.9 3.5 5.0
 Widowed 40.1 39.2 37.5 36.4 8.9 8.8 8.1 8.3
Education level (%)         
 Tertiary 1.8 2.0 2.7 4.1 9.0 10.6 15.7 17.4
 High sec 7.2 8.7 11.6 15.5 29.3 33.5 37.4 39.4
 Low sec 10.3 13.9 19.1 25.5 26.5 30.8 28.8 29.6
 Primary 51.9 52.6 48.8 44.2 28.7 20.8 14.9 11.0
 No education 28.8 22.8 17.9 10.8 6.5 4.4 3.2 2.6
Working status (%)         
 Employed 6.2 7.9 6.8 9.2 38.8 44.2 45.5 47.0
 Unemployed 0.2 0.5 1.5 0.6 2.2 2.8 5.9 3.4
 Homemaker 45.7 39.6 42.6 38.8 39.3 34.6 33.1 30.9
 Retired 38.3 43.6 42.4 45.5 16.6 14.9 12.3 15.1
 Other 9.7 8.4 6.8 5.9 3.1 3.5 3.1 3.6
% Having own income 75.0 76.1 75.6 74.5 64.1 67.3 69.4 70.6
Area of residence (%)         
 North 45.5 45.2 44.5 44.7 48.0 47.8 48.0 47.6
 Centre 20.9 21.1 21.6 20.4 19.7 19.7 19.7 20.5
 South and Islands 33.5 33.7 33.9 34.9 32.4 32.6 32.3 31.9
% Home ownership 73.6 73.7 76.1 74.8 73.7 74.5 73.9 71.8
% Foreign-born 1.7 2.0 n.a 6.2 3.2 4.3 n.a 12.1
Chronic disease
(% at least 1)
19.4 16.7 15.6 13.8 6.8 6.4 5.1 5.1
  1. Source: Famiglie e Soggetti Sociali, ISTAT
  2. n.a. not available information