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Table 7 Grandmothers’ and grandfathers’ family and social network by year. Weighted data

From: Grandparents in Italy: trends and changes in the demography of grandparenthood from 1998 to 2016

  Grandmothers
1998 2003 2009 2016
Mean number of children (SD) 2.7 (1.5) 2.6 (1.4) 2.5 (1.3) 3.2 (2.4)
Mean number of grandchildren (SD) 3.7 (3.5) 3.4 (2.9) 3.3 (2.8) 2.4 (1.3)
% Having up to 3 grandchildren   63.1   64.4   66.7   66.9
% Co-residence with (at least) 1 grandchild   9.1   8.1   6.6   8.6
% Co-residence with (at least) 1 child   39.7   36.9   31.1   36.0
% At least 1 parent aliveª   29.3   28.6   33.5   34.8
% Co-residence with at least 1 parentª   6.1   6.1   6.1   5.4
% Having neighbours to rely on   53.4   49.7   50.1   48.4
% Having friends to rely on   36.8   40.0   42.6   42.7
% Other relatives to rely on   30.4   34.2   35.6   37.7
  Grandfathers
1998 2003 2009 2016
Mean number of children (SD) 2.6 (1.4) 2.6 (1.3) 2.4 (1.1) 3.0 (2.1)
Mean number of grandchildren (SD) 3.2 (2.9) 3.2 (2.7) 3.0 (2.4) 2.4 (1.0)
% Having up to 3 grandchildren   69.0   68.1   71.3   70.6
% Co-residence with (at least) 1 grandchild   5.6   5.6   4.7   6.1
% Co-residence with (at least) 1 child   40.2   36.8   31.9   31.5
% At least 1 parent aliveª    25.2   25.1   27.4   33.2
% Co-residence with at least 1 parentª   9.7   6.9   5.7   4.1
% Having neighbours to rely on   51.9   47.5   47.5   49.5
% Having friends to rely on   41.0   43.1   47.6   46.9
% Other relatives to rely on   30.0   34.4   34.1   33.8
  1. Source: Famiglie e Soggetti Sociali, ISTAT
  2. aInformation gathered only from respondents under 69 years old