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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of Southern Italian graduates by migration behaviour (N = 11,192)

From: Privilege travels: migration and labour market outcomes of Southern Italian graduates

Covariate Row percentages of total sample
Stayers Migration study Migration work No %
Gender
 Women 52.1 30.9 17.0 6835 61.0
 Men 47.0 33.9 19.1 4357 38.9
Parental education
 Both with higher education 41.8 40.8 17.4 1305 11.7
 At least one with higher education 48.1 35.6 16.1 2064 18.4
 At least one with high school 49.2 32.0 18.8 4998 44.7
 Both with less than high school 57.1 25.3 17.6 2825 25.2
Field of study
 Agriculture 59.4 24.7 15.9 227 2.0
 Architecture 62.0 26.3 11.7 769 7.0
 Chemistry/ pharmacy 56.0 25.2 18.8 693 6.2
 Economics/statistics 52.5 31.0 16.5 1413 12.6
 Sports science/ physical education 50.8 41.5 7.7 130 1.2
 Biology/geography 54.2 29.4 16.4 513 4.6
 Law 59.3 28.9 11.8 1195 10.7
 Engineering 37.1 34.5 28.4 1616 14.4
 Education 56.0 12.6 31.4 751 6.7
 Literature 45.6 37.6 16.8 636 5.6
 Linguistics 44.3 35.7 20.0 512 4.5
 Medicine 59.7 28.6 11.7 419 3.7
 Political science/ social science 40.8 47.4 11.8 1242 11.1
 Psychology 49.2 42.0 8.8 780 6.9
 Natural science/mathematics/physics 48.0 17.6 34.4 296 2.8
Degree type
 5 and 6 years 59.9 26.1 14.0 2687 24.2
 3 + 2 years 47.6 35.0 17.4 8505 75.8
Grades university
 [66.100] 46.7 39.2 14.0 1566 14.0
 [101.110] 49.3 34.6 16.0 5037 45.0
 [110 cum laude] 52.1 26.1 21.8 4589 41.0
High school
 Classical “Liceo” 47.4 38.4 14.2 2238 20.0
 Scientific “Liceo” 47.5 34.5 18.0 4813 42.6
 Other “Liceo” 54.7 24.9 20.3 895 8.0
 Technical 57.0 23.7 19.3 2686 24.3
 Vocational, other and foreign 43.7 37.1 19.2 560 5.1
Mean high school grades (Std. Dev.) 84.5 (15.4) 86.6 (13.4) 87.2 (14.6)   
Occupation
 Professional and managerial 49.6 31.0 19.4 7051 62.7
 Others 51.0 33.8 15.2 4141 37.3
Mean income (Std. Dev.) 1112.9 (581.0) 1327.6 (575.4) 1431.0 (421.7)   
Total 50.1 32.0 17.9 11,192  
  1. Source: AlamaLaurea data set, 2010 graduate cohort