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Table 1 Regional-level indicators, Italy, 2016

From: Work histories and provision of grandparental childcare among Italian older women

Macro-area Region Female labour market participation rate 15–64 y.o. (%) 0–2 years old in ECEC (%) Traditionalist family norms
South and Islands Sicily 28.3 9.9 0.24
South and Islands Campania 28.7 7.6 0.30
South and Islands Calabria 29.2 9.7 0.25
South and Islands Apulia 31.4 14.5 0.22
South and Islands Basilicata 39.0 14.5 0.23
South and Islands Molise 42.0 21.7 0.19
South and Islands Sardinia 42.3 28.8 0.16
South and Islands Abruzzo 44.6 20.9 0.24
Center Lazio 51.8 29.7 0.22
North-West Liguria 54.3 30.6 0.20
Center Marche 54.4 26.7 0.19
Center Umbria 55.2 41.0 0.20
North-East Veneto 55.2 27.3 0.16
North-East Friuli-Venezia Giulia 57.0 28.3 0.20
North-West Lombardy 58.1 28.1 0.20
North-West Piedmont 58.2 27.3 0.17
Center Tuscany 58.4 35.2 0.20
North-West Aosta Valley 61.8 44.7 0.17
North-East Emilia-Romagna 62.2 37.1 0.19
North-East Trentino-South Tyrol 62.7 31.7 0.16
  1. Female labour force participation rate and ECEC availability: ISTAT data warehouse, 2016. Traditionalist family norms: percentage of respondents in the FSS 2016 survey who strongly agree or agree with the statement “To what extent do you agree with the following statement: when parents need help, daughters should take care of them”, authors’ elaboration. Data sorted by female labour force participation rate