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Table 2 Descriptive statistics, by employment history, absolute and percentage values (unweighted data)

From: Work histories and provision of grandparental childcare among Italian older women

  Never worked 18–49 Ever worked 18–49 Total
N % N % N %
Care when parents work (Yes) 787 30.6 2069 41.1 2856 37.6
Occasional Care (Yes) 903 35.2 1821 36.2 2724 35.8
Give parents a break (Yes) 412 16.0 832 16.5 1244 16.4
Holiday (Yes) 348 13.6 800 15.9 1148 15.1
Sick grandchild (Yes) 358 13.9 940 18.7 1298 17.1
Emergency (Yes) 667 26.0 1317 26.2 1984 26.1
Percentage of life worked
 Never worked 2568 100.0 n.a n.a 2568 33.8
 1–25% n.a n.a 1049 20.8 1049 13.8
 26–50% n.a n.a 925 18.4 925 12.2
 51–75% n.a n.a 1037 20.6 1037 13.6
 76–100% n.a n.a 2022 40.2 2022 26.6
Interruptions for family reasons
 Never worked 2568 100.0 n.a n.a 2568 33.8
 Short interruptions for family reasons n.a n.a 527 10.5 527 6.9
 Long interruptions for family reasons n.a n.a 1171 23.3 1171 15.4
 No interruptions for family reasons n.a n.a 3335 66.6 3335 43.9
Macro-area of residence
 North-West 345 13.4 1248 24.8 1593 20.9
 North-East 222 8.6 1383 27.5 1605 21.1
 Center 430 16.7 1020 20.8 1450 19.1
 South and Islands 1571 61.2 1382 27.5 2953 38.8
Employment status at interview
 Not employed (vs employed) 2537 98.8 4086 81.2 6623 87.1
Educational level
 No education 343 13.4 377 7.5 720 9.5
 Primary 1436 55.9 2291 45.5 3727 49.0
 Lower secondary 578 22.5 1168 23.2 1746 22.9
 Upper secondary and higher 211 8.2 1197 23.8 1408 18.5
Birth cohort
 1930–1939 784 30.5 1350 26.8 2134 28.1
 1940–1947 900 35.1 1887 37.5 2787 36.7
 1948–1966 884 34.4 1796 35.7 2680 35.3
Age (mean, SD) 63.3 6.5 63.2 6.3 63.23 6.4
N 2568 33.8 5033 66.2 7601 100.0
  1. Source: Authors’ elaborations on Multipurpose surveys on Families and Social Subjects—ISTAT, 2003, 2009, 2016. N = 7601