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Table 4 Logistic regression models for the probability to perform grandparental childcare under different circumstances, by grandmothers’ work history: Percentage of adult life (18–49) worked

From: Work histories and provision of grandparental childcare among Italian older women

  Parents work Occasional Give parents a break Holiday Sick grandchild Emergency
Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE
Percentage Life worked (ref. Never worked)
 1–25% 0.26*** 0.08 0.07 0.08 − 0.24* 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.14 0.10 − 0.12 0.09
 26–50% 0.35*** 0.08 0.10 0.08 − 0.03 0.11 0.08 0.11 0.19 0.11 0.03 0.09
 51–75% 0.32*** 0.08 0.05 0.08 0.01 0.10 0.20 0.11 0.29** 0.10 0.02 0.09
 76–100% 0.35*** 0.07 0.00 0.07 − 0.07 0.09 0.16 0.09 0.11 0.09 − 0.05 0.08
 Age 0.25** 0.08 0.14 0.08 0.10 0.10 0.20 0.10 0.16 0.10 0.20* 0.08
 Age # Age 0.00*** 0.00 0.00* 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00* 0.00
Macro-Area (ref. North-West)
 North-East − 0.03 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.16 0.09 − 0.04 0.10 0.16 0.09 0.17* 0.08
 Center 0.07 0.07 − 0.05 0.08 0.02 0.10 − 0.31** 0.11 − 0.06 0.09 0.06 0.08
 South and Islands − 0.56*** 0.07 0.02 0.07 -0.08 0.09 0.01 0.09 − 0.50*** 0.09 0.09 0.08
Employment status at interview (ref. employed)
 Not employed 0.60*** 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.33** 0.11 − 0.05 0.09
Educational level (ref. no education)
 Primary 0.38*** 0.10 0.13 0.09 0.14 0.13 0.02 0.12 0.13 0.13 − 0.01 0.10
 Lower secondary 0.54*** 0.11 0.19 0.10 0.38** 0.14 0.17 0.14 0.23 0.14 0.09 0.11
 Upper secondary and higher 0.56*** 0.11 0.15 0.10 0.51*** 0.14 0.45** 0.14 0.30* 0.14 0.13 0.11
Birth cohort (ref. 1930–1939)
 1940–1947 0.07 0.07 − 0.08 0.07 0.11 0.10 0.03 0.10 0.11 0.09 0.15 0.08
 1948–1966 0.09 0.09 − 0.13 0.09 − 0.01 0.12 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.28** 0.10
 Constant − 8.96*** 2.43 − 4.16 2.39 − 4.28 3.12 − 8.11* 3.24 − 6.99* 3.12 − 7.44** 2.62
  1. Full models for Fig. 4. Significance level: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. Source: Authors’ elaborations on Multipurpose surveys on Families and Social Subjects—ISTAT, 2003, 2009, 2016. N = 7601