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Table 6 Logistic regression models for the probability to perform grandparental childcare under different circumstances, by grandmothers’ work history (Having ever worked—no/yes) and macro-areas

From: Work histories and provision of grandparental childcare among Italian older women

  Parents work Occasional Give parents a break Holiday Sick grandchild Emergency
Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE Coef SE
Ever worked (ref. Never worked) 0.37** 0.13 − 0.02 0.13 − 0.27 0.16 − 0.19 0.16 − 0.02 0.15 − 0.13 0.14
Macro-Area (ref. North-West) 0.00  0.00 0.00  0.00 0.00  0.00 0.00  0.00 0.00  0.00 0.00  0.00
North-East 0.15 0.18 0.14 0.18 0.00 0.23 − 0.29 0.24 − 0.01 0.22 0.29 0.19
Center 0.26 0.15 − 0.10 0.15 − 0.11 0.19 − 0.56** 0.21 − 0.21 0.19 − 0.05 0.17
South and Islands − 0.60*** 0.13 − 0.06 0.13 − 0.26 0.16 − 0.32* 0.16 − 0.70*** 0.16 − 0.02 0.14
Interaction term
 Worked # North-East − 0.22 0.19 − 0.07 0.20 0.20 0.25 0.31 0.27 0.22 0.24 − 0.14 0.21
 Worked # Center − 0.27 0.17 0.06 0.18 0.17 0.22 0.32 0.24 0.20 0.22 0.15 0.19
 Worked # South and Islands 0.10 0.15 0.13 0.15 0.26 0.19 0.47* 0.19 0.28 0.19 0.17 0.16
 Age 0.25** 0.08 0.14 0.08 0.10 0.10 0.19 0.10 0.15 0.10 0.21* 0.08
 Age # Age 0.00*** 0.00 0.00* 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00* 0.00
Employment status at interview (ref. employed)
 Not employed 0.59*** 0.08 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.34** 0.11 − 0.06 0.09
Educational level (ref. no education)
 Primary 0.37*** 0.10 0.13 0.09 0.14 0.13 0.01 0.12 0.14 0.13 − 0.01 0.10
 Lower secondary 0.53*** 0.11 0.19 0.10 0.38** 0.14 0.17 0.14 0.24 0.14 0.10 0.11
 Upper secondary and higher 0.54*** 0.11 0.14 0.10 0.52*** 0.14 0.45** 0.14 0.31* 0.14 0.13 0.11
Birth cohort (ref. 1930–1939)
 1940–1947 0.08 0.07 − 0.08 0.07 0.11 0.10 0.03 0.10 0.11 0.09 0.15 0.08
 1948–1966 0.09 0.09 − 0.13 0.09 − 0.01 0.12 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.28** 0.10
 Constant − 8.98*** 2.44 − 4.02 2.40 − 4.06 3.12 − 7.64* 3.25 − 6.60* 3.13 − 7.43** 2.63
  1. Full models for Fig. 6. Significance level: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. Source: Authors’ elaborations on Multipurpose surveys on Families and Social Subjects—ISTAT, 2003, 2009, 2016. N = 7601