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Table 1 Classification of the change in the grandchild caring intensity variable. Source: Harmonised SHARE Waves 4–7

From: The impact of grandchild care provision on grandparents’ depressive symptoms across Europe using multi-level analysis: do the grandchild caring patterns and the country’s economy matter?

Grandchild caring pattern Intensity of grandchild care provision in the previous wave Intensity of grandchild care provision in the current wave
Non-carers 0 0
Repeated carers 1 1
2 2
Previous or less intensive carers 1 0
2 0/1
New or more intensive carers 0 1/2
1 2
  1. 0 = no grandchild care, 1 = non-intensive grandchild care, and 2 = intensive grandchild care