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Table 2 Employment status and transition to motherhood over time. Cox models, HRs are reported with standard errors in brackets

From: Female employment and first childbirth in Italy: what news?

  Italy (whole country) Northern/Central Italy Southern Italy
HR (std. error) HR (std. error) HR (std. error)
Employed (ref. not employed) 0.833 (0.052) *** 0.835 (0.066) ** 0.865 (0.101)  
Calendar time (ref. before 1980)
 1980–1989 0.598 (0.033) *** 0.508 (0.042) *** 0.698 (0.052) ***
 1990–1999 0.401 (0.023) *** 0.365 (0.031) *** 0.454 (0.037) ***
 2000–2009 0.397 (0.025) *** 0.393 (0.036) *** 0.428 (0.037) ***
 2010–2016 0.343 (0.028) *** 0.364 (0.044) *** 0.360 (0.040) ***
Employed * 1980–1989 1.101 (0.089)   1.180 (0.109) * 1.141 (0.169)  
Employed * 1990–1999 1.201 (0.098) ** 1.186 (0.125) * 1.238 (0.184)  
Employed * 2000–2009 1.319 (0.108) *** 1.268 (0.136) ** 1.637 (0.304)  
Employed * 2010–2016 1.501 (0.153) *** 1.322 (0.184) ** 1.481 (0.253) **
  1. Models control for parents’ education, place of birth, having ever migrated, respondents’ education
  2. Source: Author’s elaboration on FSS 2016 data
  3. *p < 0.10; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01. Sample sizes are the same as those in Table 1