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Table 7 Employment status and transition to motherhood over time, only native women. Cox models, HRs are reported with standard errors in brackets

From: Female employment and first childbirth in Italy: what news?

  Italy (whole country) Northern/Central Italy Southern Italy
HR (std. error) HR (std. error) HR (std. error)
Employed (ref. not employed) 0.805 (0.052) *** 0.790 (0.066) *** 0.811 (0.096) *
Calendar time (ref. before 1980)
 1980–1989 0.558 (0.033) *** 0.447 (0.041) *** 0.669 (0.051) ***
 1990–1999 0.347 (0.022) *** 0.284 (0.028) *** 0.420 (0.036) ***
 2000–2009 0.332 (0.023) *** 0.279 (0.031) *** 0.402 (0.036) ***
 2010–2016 0.276 (0.025) *** 0.233 (0.036) *** 0.337 (0.040) ***
Employed * 1980–1989 1.111 (0.094)   1.213 (0.137) * 1.187 (0.261)  
Employed * 1990–1999 1.305 (0.113) *** 1.378 (0.161) *** 1.309 (0.202) *
Employed * 2000–2009 1.536 (0.135) *** 1.682 (0.208) *** 1.224 (0.187)  
Employed * 2010–2016 1.771 (0.198) *** 1.880 (0.320) *** 1.609 (0.285) ***
  1. Models control for parents’ education, having ever migrated, respondent’s education
  2. Source: Author’s elaboration on FSS 2016 data
  3. *p < 0.10; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01. Sample sizes are the same as in Table 6