Skip to main content

Table 2 Estimated under-five mortality rate per 1,000 live births in India and its six state-regions by selected child characteristics

From: The effects of community clustering on under-five mortality in India: a parametric shared frailty modelling approach

  North Central East Northeast West South
Rate 95% CI Rate 95% CI Rate 95% CI Rate 95% CI Rate 95% CI Rate 95% CI
Child characteristics
Sex
Male 44.0 39.9 48.2 73.5 69.3 77.7 55.2 51.4 59.1 54.7 47.7 61.8 37.6 31.5 43.6 40.2 34.5 45.9
Female 46.4 42.0 50.9 75.3 70.6 79.9 46.1 42.3 49.9 45.6 38.5 52.7 30.4 22.8 38.1 26.5 22.1 30.9
Type of birth
Singleton birth 43.0 40.3 45.8 69.9 67.2 72.6 48.1 46.2 50.0 47.1 42.5 51.6 32.5 26.9 38.2 32.3 28.4 36.1
Multiple birth 179.1 141.4 216.8 318.9 287.4 350.5 207.8 168.8 246.9 251.0 179.9 322.1 132.7 89.9 175.5 119.2 78.9 159.5
Birth order
1 40.4 35.0 45.8 72.0 67.0 77.1 50.5 45.9 55.1 52.8 46.4 59.2 39.7 31.2 48.1 35.6 28.9 42.3
2 41.0 35.7 46.3 60.1 55.5 64.7 41.6 36.5 46.6 39.1 33.9 44.3 23.8 16.6 30.9 28.2 22.1 34.4
3 to 4 50.9 44.5 57.2 74.7 69.7 79.6 52.7 47.5 57.9 48.1 39.1 57.1 36.0 22.7 49.2 40.5 28.6 52.4
5 and above 72.0 58.3 85.8 110.5 101.4 119.6 75.5 60.6 90.4 79.3 59.0 99.6 56.8 29.4 84.2 71.4 30.5 112.2
Birthsize
Less than average 96.1 84.9 107.3 123.5 116.1 130.9 100.0 88.7 111.3 88.3 76.8 99.8 84.1 59.0 109.2 100.3 83.0 117.5
Average 36.5 33.6 39.5 62.9 59.1 66.7 42.7 39.6 45.8 38.3 33.3 43.2 24.1 18.7 29.5 24.8 19.9 29.7
Above average 47.6 36.5 58.7 78.6 70.5 86.7 41.1 36.3 45.8 45.1 36.3 53.9 34.3 27.3 41.2 30.5 22.5 38.5
Previous birth interval
First-order birth 41.8 36.4 47.1 73.8 68.1 79.5 51.7 47.5 55.9 54.3 47.7 60.9 40.9 31.6 50.2 36.6 30.1 43.1
Less than 12 months 158.5 121.3 195.8 205.5 175.9 235.0 154.4 117.6 191.2 124.8 50.6 199.0 137.6 41.3 233.8 128.0 71.4 184.6
12 to 23 months 63.2 55.4 71.1 100.0 92.6 107.5 69.9 59.6 80.2 78.4 60.6 96.3 37.3 26.0 48.5 30.3 21.9 38.6
24 to 35 months 44.0 36.9 51.2 67.4 60.9 74.0 41.3 36.6 46.0 38.0 30.0 45.9 21.2 9.6 32.8 29.1 21.6 36.5
36 to 47 months 35.6 24.2 47.1 45.5 39.2 51.9 44.2 34.3 54.2 38.9 29.2 48.6 21.1 11.6 30.7 20.6 13.1 28.0
48 to 59 months 23.8 15.5 32.2 52.2 43.8 60.7 32.6 25.1 40.1 35.7 24.3 47.1 26.1 3.5 48.7 29.4 10.4 48.4
60 to 85 months 29.4 22.2 36.6 60.2 49.6 70.9 32.3 22.9 41.8 34.2 23.0 45.4 23.3 11.2 35.3 26.5 9.3 43.7
86 months and above 53.3 32.0 74.5 87.7 69.2 106.3 60.5 40.5 80.6 67.5 30.0 104.9 48.0 21.7 74.3 63.5 29.8 97.2
Mode of delivery
Non-Caesarean 47.0 44.1 49.9 75.4 72.4 78.4 53.4 50.5 56.3 53.5 48.8 58.2 37.1 31.5 42.6 36.9 31.8 42.0
Caesarean 33.3 26.3 40.3 62.1 55.2 68.9 31.2 24.4 37.9 28.0 19.4 36.7 20.4 13.6 27.2 27.8 22.0 33.6
Assistance during delivery
Skilled personnel 41.4 38.2 44.6 67.4 64.7 70.2 43.6 40.7 46.5 44.3 39.0 49.6 30.9 26.2 35.6 31.7 27.8 35.6
Unskilled personnel 64.9 55.3 74.6 90.9 84.0 97.7 71.2 64.2 78.1 64.8 57.8 71.8 58.0 39.9 76.0 74.4 53.4 95.5
History of sibling's death
No 39.0 35.8 42.2 61.5 58.1 65.0 43.8 40.6 46.9 42.4 37.7 47.1 30.0 25.2 34.8 29.2 25.4 32.9
Yes 101.8 91.1 112.6 133.5 122.6 144.3 103.7 94.1 113.2 121.7 105.2 138.1 94.5 72.4 116.6 116.1 86.7 145.6
  1. Skilled personnel includes doctors, nurses, auxiliary nurse midwives, midwives, and lady health visitors