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Journal of Population Sciences

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Table 2 Categorization of variables and the frequency distribution of the children under age 5

From: Geographical variations in infant and child mortality in West Africa: a geo-additive discrete-time survival modelling

Variables Sample size Percentage
Place of residence
 Urban 35,497 29.5
 Rural 84,671 70.5
Birth order
 1st birth 23,498 19.6
 2nd or 3rd order 39,928 33.2
 4th or higher order 56,742 47.2
Multiple birth
 Yes 4703 3.9
 No 115,465 96.1
Sex
 Female 59,022 49.1
 Male 61,146 50.9
Sex of the household head
 Male 104,052 86.6
 Female 16,116 13.4
Educational attainment
 No education 79,688 66.3
 Primary 20,343 16.9
 Secondary or higher 20,111 16.7
Wealth
 Poorest 27,422 22.8
 Poorer 26,036 21.7
 Middle 24,583 20.4
 Richer 22,914 19.1
 Richest 19,213 16.0
Working status
 No 42,566 35.4
 Yes 77,330 64.4
 Missing 272 0.2
Has electricity
 No 87,512 72.8
 Yes 32,552 27.1
 Missing 104 0.1
Toilet facility
 Non-improved 75,404 62.7
 Improved 44,680 37.2
 Missing 84 0.1
Water source
 Others 2359 2.0
 Surface 18,698 15.6
 Well 72,338 60.2
 Pipe 25,599 21.2
 Missing 1174 1.0
Place of delivery
 Any other place 56,672 47.1
 Hospital 62,793 52.3
 Missing 703 0.6
Exposure to mass media
 Newspaper
  No 110,149 91.7
  Yes 9671 8.0
  Missing 348 0.3
 Radio
  No 46,469 38.7
  Yes 73,484 61.2
  Missing 215 0.2
 Television
  No 77,501 64.5
  Yes 42,363 35.3
  Missing 304 0.3
Type of cooking fuel
 Any other 16,061 13.4
 Electricity/gas 2074 1.7
 Kerosene 4915 4.1
 Wood 97,075 80.8