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Table 13 Theoretical over/under-mortality ratio related to secondary infections (head of household nativity status-%)

From: The potential impact of co-residence structures on socio-demographic inequalities in COVID-19 mortality

  Foreign-born
  Household type
Age Full sample 2+ members 2 members 3 members 4 members 5 members
0–9 +83.40 +83.40 +46.40 +41.20 +51.00 +35.10
10–19 +79.60 +76.60 +42.00 +53.20 +69.30 +60.40
20–29 +141.30 +118.40 +73.50 +61.40 +73.50 +51.20
30–39 +95.40 +88.80 +33.60 +70.10 +143.10 +81.00
40–49 +35.00 +30.40 +13.90 +34.00 56.60 +22.80
50–59 +12.60 +8.00 +10.60 +5.00 +8.10 − 19.00
60–69 − 0.40 − 4.50 +2.80 − 18.80 − 27.60 − 43.10
70–79 − 6.30 − 12.00 − 6.80 − 21.50 − 33.30 − 33.90
80+ − 2.40 − 11.60 − 8.70 − 9.80 − 10.90 − 31.70
  1. Reference level: native-born
  2. Note: In the full sample, the primary infection of a 0–9-year-old living in a household headed by a foreign-born persons triggers a vulnerability index 83.4% higher than for the primary infection of a person of the same age living in a household headed by a person from the reference category