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Table 1 Distribution of Handwashing capacity in selected African countries

From: Risk assessment for COVID-19 transmission at household level in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from DHS

Sub-region/country Sample size Overall: n (%) Residence (%) Wealth index (%) Education: HOusehold head (%)
Urban Rural Poor Average Rich None Primary Secondary+
Western Africa
 Benin 14,156 1567 (11.1) 15 8.1 4.8 7.3 19.7 7 10.4 20.9
 Guinea 7912 1958 (24.7) 40 16.8 14.4 19.4 41.2 20.1 22.9 29.6
 Mali 9510 1682 (17.7) 33.9 13 6.7 12.1 36.2 13 16.9 37
 Nigeria 40,427 13,114 (32.4) 44 22.3 13.3 25.4 51.5 17.1 32.7 42
 Senegal 8380 2415 (28.8) 46.4 10 5.5 12.6 47.9 17.4 38.7 63.2
Middle Africa
 Angola 16,109 4287 (26.6) 34.2 14.7 12 19.4 43.5 17.9 19.7 38.1
 Chad 17,233 728 (4.2) 11.5 2.2 1.1 2.7 10.3 2.7 3.4 10
Eastern Africa
 Burundi 15,977 1031 (6.5) 19.7 4.8 2.9 4.5 14.8 3.7 5.7 22
 Ethiopia 16,650 1961 (11.8) 31.2 6.8 3.2 6.7 25.2 6.5 11.2 32.3
 Tanzania 12,563 6056 (48.2) 62.3 41.3 31 45.1 65.8 34.1 47.4 67.9
 Uganda 19,588 5415 (27.6) 42 22.7 13 23.7 41.1 19.6 24.2 37.3
 Rwanda 12,699 766 (6.0) 14.9 4.2 3.2 3.9 12.2 3.6 4.7 18.2
Southern Africa
 Malawi 26,361 2900 (11.0) 17.5 9.8 5.9 9.5 19.6 7 8.7 18.9
 South Africa 11,083 4862 (43.9) 50.6 29.4 20.5 33.3 74 27.5 34.7 49.7
 Zambia 12,831 2863 (22.3) 32.2 15 12.1 15.3 35.3 14.6 16.3 29.4
 Zimbabwe 10,534 4393 (41.7) 52.4 36.3 31.8 38.3 57.6 30.8 36 46.6